Cybersecurity Automation-One of the trending topics in information technology is cybersecurity automation. Automating mundane and repeatable tasks that are people-driven allows businesses and individuals to concentrate on more productive problem-solving activities. A focus on these problem-solving activities can foster innovation and lead to a more resilient organization from a cybersecurity standpoint. Automation also increases the complexity of an organization’s information systems, and as malicious attackers expand their targets, cybersecurity programs must be ready to implement automated cybersecurity solutions.
What Is Cybersecurity Automation?
Cybersecurity products designed to automate specific processes are widespread, and the likelihood is that you have already implemented automation tools within your organization. For example, vulnerability management products can be configured to automatically detect and scan devices on an enterprise network. They can then conduct an assessment based upon a set of security controls authorized by the organization. Once the assessment is complete, identified defects can be remediated.
When discussing new automation practices, industry experts are generally referring to tools like security automation and orchestration (SOAR) products, robotic process automation (RPA) and custom-developed software and code that automate processes and perform analysis.
SOAR products are purpose-built tools that orchestrate activities between other security tools and perform specific automation activities in response to identified threats. RPA tools are a broader set of automation tools that allow for a wide variety of processes to be automated. RPA tools have seen a significant increase in adoption in the HR and finance fields but can also be leveraged by cybersecurity teams. Custom-developed software and code can automate all manner of analyses and is often leveraged for a niche or specific challenge within an organization that may not have an out of the box tool available.
All of the aforementioned approaches interact with an enterprise’s instrumentation to gather intelligence, perform analysis and either take-automated action or prompt a team member to take further action.