IoT solution- The digital world that we live in today is built up of blocks of data. It is found that around 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are being generated by day across the world. This count would only keep increasing. With massive amounts of data being collected, the concerns about maintaining the collected data in a secure manner take the main stage.
With IoT, there are various connected devices in the network that connect and communicate with each other. Any vulnerability in any one of the many connected devices might compromise the entire network. Some of the major data privacy challenges associated with IoT solutions are as follows.
Common IoT security and privacy challenges
IoT, being a network of connected devices, includes various components which make up the network. This increases the chances for hackers to access the network if the network is prone to vulnerabilities. Some of the common IoT security and privacy issues are mentioned below.
Poor authentication and authorization
Many devices rely on weak, predictable passwords and many devices and sensors are configured to use default authorization credentials. This increases the chance for a hacker to enter into the network easily.
Lack of transport layer security
When devices communicate with each other to transfer data, the transport layer has to be secure in order to prevent data leakage. Most devices fail to encrypt the data that are being transferred even when the transactions take place over the internet. This is why the market asked for data protection.
Insecure user interfaces
Most IoT devices have user interfaces such as mobile or web interfaces to manage the device or to make use of the collected data. Without proper security measures, the device will be prone to OWASP vulnerabilities such as data leakage and cross-site scripting.
Disregarding privacy concerns
The business logic and services must be developed by following secure code practices. Devices used in the healthcare sector hold high-level sensitive information about patients such as name and date of birth. Transferring data across networks without proper encryption and security methods would result in compromising such sensitive data.
IoT security and privacy laws
With the lack of universal standards for IoT security and privacy, the California state legislature has passed a law on how to protect customer privacy and secure IoT devices. The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) provided new rules for businesses in collecting customer data as well as for IoT device manufacturers.