Today there is probably not a person who hasn’t heard of AI or Artificial Intelligence as it is slowly but steadily invading our lives. There are numerous definitions of this term, but simply put, it is a part of computer science that aims to develop computer systems which are able to perform tasks requiring human intelligence. Although this concept dates back to the 1940s when Alan Turing developed the Turing test, it has experienced a boom over the past decade as it has caused a revolution in a number of industries. Its potential is truly awe-inspiring, but at the same time, the thought of giving such autonomy to machines can be a bit frightening. Let’s see how it will affect some of the industries.
From health monitoring to autonomous surgical robots, the possibilities of AI in healthcare are endless. However, the first step in the application of AI in this industry is mining and analyzing an enormous quantity of data held by governments and healthcare organizations. The final goal is to find patterns in the available data which can be used to make accurate and timely diagnoses. The good news is that researchers have been already working on AI systems that should look for early signs of heart disease and lung cancer. What’s more, they’ve been quite successful as the tests showed that the systems are pretty much reliable. It may seem that AI will completely replace physicians, but even if this is not true, it will definitely revolutionize patient care and treatment.
Another sector that has been greatly affected by AI technology is cybersecurity. Unfortunately, it is highly likely that AI will be weaponized and used for cyberattacks as there are already some AI tools capable of determining the most effective phishing techniques. On the other hand, AI is also applied to defensive systems which should recognize potential risks and prevent offensive cyberattacks. For example, Amazon has developed a new service that uses machine learning to protect sensitive data stored in Amazon S3. It’s interesting that other cloud storage providers also use AI technology to improve their services.
The transportation industry will probably face fast development thanks to artificial intelligence. This technology has already been applied to a number of applications used to avoid traffic jams, predict ticket prices, and find vacant seats on the train. The most impressive innovation in this industry is definitely the invention of autonomous vehicles. It is evident that self-driving cars, AI-driven trucks, and driverless buses will have a massive impact on transportation. Although there is still much work to be done, it is claimed that autonomous vehicles could save 300,000 American lives per decade.
Since agriculture is the foundation of a healthy economy, it is essential for this industry to look for innovative solutions for improving crop yield. From autonomous robots able to harvest crops to machine learning models predicting weather changes, AI can increase the production and make it more sustainable. Consequently, artificial intelligence will play a major role in this sector. The increasing challenges that farmers face nowadays will just increase the need for high-tech monitoring systems and thus speed up the process of adopting new AI technologies.
These are only some industries that will be transformed by the use of artificial intelligence. For a complete overview, take a look at the infographic below. As you’ll see, in the future, it will probably drastically change every segment of our lives as it is already becoming an integral part of our reality. Although some may find this intimidating, people shouldn’t feel threatened by AI technology since its purpose is not to replace workers but to improve efficiency across different industries.