Artificial People- When DataGrid, Inc. announced it successfully developed an AI system capable of generating high-quality photorealistic Japanese faces, it was impressive. But now the company has gone even further. Its artificial intelligence (AI) system can now create not only faces and hair from a variety of ethnicities, but bodies that can move and wear any outfit. While these images are fictitious, they are incredibly photorealistic.
Using GAN to Help AI’s Creativity
The Kyoto-based startup focuses on creative applications of artificial intelligence. DataGrid uses generative adversarial networks (GANs), so the AI can “learn” from a database of existing images and then from there it can generate its own versions.
GANs are one of the latest developments in the ever-evolving field of artificial intelligence. GANs were first proposed in 2014 and essentially pair two AI systems together that battle it out where one system creates while the other critiques the outcome, learn from the experience and adjust to improve the quality of results. GANs can create “new” information from following the existing rules and are a very exciting development.
While DataGrid’s artificial faces weren’t the first to be generated, with the help of GANs the “humans” they created are the most believable, yet plus the bodies have the capability of movement. The company’s website explained that this involved two lines of research and development, including “whole body generation” and “motion generation.” In the past, GAN-generated images would often have tell-tale flaws that allowed you to see they are were artificial such as asymmetry in the eyes or ears and even backgrounds blending into the faces. DataGrid minimizes these flaws because they use a non-descript white background and realistic light shining down on the computer-generated models.
How will this technology be used?
DataGrid plans to license the technology to advertising agencies and clothing companies so they can use it to create artificial models that are photogenic and the right shape and size for any marketing campaign.