The Jakarta administration will start the construction of facilities to support electronic road pricing (ERP) in the capital this year as the winner of the tender project is set to be announced soon, Jakarta Governor Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama said on Monday.
Ahok said he had not yet released the number of tender bidders but aimed to settle on a winner this year.
The winning company, he said, would prepare various equipment for the ERP system, which he hoped would start operation in early 2017, pushed back two years from the initial plan of 2015.
Despite expressing optimism on the progress of the ERP system, Ahok said there were still obstacles in the way of its implementation.
“The main obstacle is legal enforcement — how to catch vehicles with non-Jakarta STNK [vehicles registration fee documentation] that violate the ERP. However, I think it will be easy to monitor it through closed-circuit television [CCTV],” he told journalists at City Hall on Monday.
The Jakarta administration has held trials on several roads that are set to use the ERP system, in 2014 and last year.
Once implemented, the system will replace the three-in-one transportation scheme across the capital that requires all private vehicles using Jakarta’s main roads to have at least three passengers. The scheme has been slammed by many for making no contribution to lessening traffic congestion but instead creating a market for “jockeys”, extra passengers who ride in cars in exchange for payment, allowing the vehicles to pass three-in-one roads.
Separately, Jakarta Transportation Office deputy head Yani Wahyu Purwoko said the city administration had coordinated with the Jakarta Financial Management Board (BPKD) to open the ERP tender this year.
He said that the minimum fee for ERP roads would be Rp 30,000 ($2.16) while the maximum tariff had not yet been determined.
The fee would be based on the type of car and the level of road congestion, he added.
“For example on Jl. Sisingamangaraja there are only two lanes while on Jl. Jenderal Sudirman, there are five lanes. It means Jl. Sisingamangaraja is more congested than Jl. Sudirman. Therefore, the ERP tariff on Sisingamangaraja would be higher than on Sudirman,” Yani said.
Under the ERP system, each vehicle that passes through an ERP gate will be detected through an on-board unit (OBU). The system will also be implemented simultaneously with electronic registration and identification (ERI), which will allow electronic law enforcement, sparing violators from being fined on the spot.
Meanwhile, for vehicles without an OBU or deposit, the ERP gate would record data and traffic police would send a fine to the owner of the vehicles. The owners must then pay a fine at the Jakarta Police’s Vehicle Document Registration Center (Samsat) or at the time of extending their STNK.
The administration has long planned to implement ERP to charge drivers on Jakarta’s main roads. By charging fees, it is expected that vehicle owners would make a shift to using public transportation instead. A lack of regulations to coordinate retribution for the ERP system has also hindered the full implementation of the system. (rin)
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